Obesity

Running : How important is it for health and fitness ?

Posted on
Credit : Pixabay

Physical inactivity continues to be the underlying cause of  millions of deaths per year. it is  from diabetes, obesity and cardio-vascular disorders.. Five to 10 minutes per day of running  at around 6 miles per hour can reduce this risk.  Recent researches have established that Runners  live longer than non-runners.

 

The physical inactivity is a global public health concern as it often leading to a worldwide epidemic of non-communicable diseases like obesity and cardio-vascular disease.

Why running is good ? 

Running has certain distinct advantages over walking.

 Five to 10 minutes per day of running  at around 6 miles per hour can reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and other causes. Runners have been found to live longer than non-runners even after adjusting for other factors.

Regular running is a popular people do to increase physical activity, often  undertaken by those seeking a healthier lifestyle . 

Easy to perform

 Running needs nothing else but to run. It does not need to have any dedicated skills or training.

Inexpensive

 

A pair of decent shoes is all you want.

Time efficient

 

It is one of the most time efficient ways to lose weight and increase stamina and improve cardiovascular functions. Quite like drugs , running can be quantified in dose. Longer you run, greater will be the benefits

Accessible and Inexpensive  to start 

 

In real life, does not need any significant investment to start running as a way of increasing physical exercises Not only the requirement of equipment and accessories like shoes is minimal , it does not need a significant investment of time either.

Easy to maintain running  for long term

Research has shown that ⅔ of the people who start running as a way of exercise continue to do so even after 6 weeks which is lower dropout rate as compared to other forms of exercise. So if you start running , it’s quite likely you will continue it for long.

How does running benefits us ?

Fat metabolism 

Weight reduction due reduction in percentage body fat with no significant changes in lean body mass.

Cardiac function

Lung function

Running not only makes legs stronger, but also improves the strength of ventilator muscles ( muscles which help in breathing) and oxygen exchange at lungs.

Mental health

Running

  1. Helpful  in people with depression.
  2. Improves the mental health of those who are not having any mental health disorder.

Injuries associate with running.

Running has been reported to be associated with  a substantial risk of running related injuries. Recent studies report that  incidence of running related  injuries may be as high as  30 injuries per 1000 h of running exposure in a in novice runners which may be reported in as much as  30 % of novice runners in 1 year R

However, the scientific reports say that the benifits associated with running far outweigh the risk.

Running is known to  significantly reduces much more dangerous outcomes , such as death (due to heart attacks) and  other disability like obesity and diabetes.

Conclusion : running should be a priority for all of us , for fitness and long term health.

Scientific studies report that most individuals (81%) say that they “learned something new” regarding their health, the last time they went online. The majority (80%) of people found the information through a search engine as reliable.

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Do not miss the opportunity to receive best actionable insight on health issues which matter the most. Its absolutely free.

Join 1,185 other subscribers

Obesity

Obesity : Walking for weight loss

Posted on

Researchers have reported that countries where people walk a lot , have lesser incidence of obesity . These are some important facts about  walking for weight reduction.

Content:

  • Obesity : The adverse effects
  • Walking:  The best choice
  • Solution to the problem
  • Track your daily progress
  • Monitor  your weight , body fat and BMI
  • conclusion

1. Obesity : The adverse effects

Social stigma

  • It reduces life expectancy of the person,
  • Poor  quality of life due to disability, like knee joint abnormality. 
  • Social stigma associated with the it cause immense mental and psychological burden on the person.

Incidence of lower back pain is increasing steadily due to increasing incidence of obesity

Some useful links

Diabetes and hypertension.

Increasing incidence of diabetes and hypertension is known to be associated with increasing prevalence of obesity.

Some useful links

Researchers from Stanford university have reported that countries where people walk a lot have lesser incidence of obesity than those which walk a little. Researchers used the smartphones to track the activity levels of people in different countries.

Using step data captured by smartphones, Stanford researchers have defined a new public health risk they call activity inequality. This occurs when large gaps develop inside a country between people who walk a lot and those who walk very little, leading to unhealthy levels of obesity. (Image credit: Tim Althoff)/ STANFORT NEWS

2. Walking:  The best choice 

According to the  Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health, the best way to reduce the weight is by brisk walking (≥3.5 mph or 5.6 km per hour). It is better than exercise and running as it is associated with lesser risk of injuries.

Following are its known benefits

  • Lower mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and cancer
  • Reduce Body Fat
  • Lower Blood Pressure
  • Increase High-Density Lipoprotein
  • Reduce Risks of Bone Fracture

Brisk walking : What does it mean ?

It is considered to be walking at the speed of 3.6 mile per hour or 5.8 km per hour. if you are walking on a treadmill for 30 minutes , it will be brisk, if you cover a distance of 2.9 km or more.

Some useful links

How much walking in enough ?

Dose-response effect of walking exercise on weight loss.

Recent scientific studies  suggests that 30 min of  brisk walking ( 3.5 mile/ hours) on 5 days of the week is sufficient (in combination with diet) in achieving healthful outcomes. It is important to incorporate walking in your daily work schedule rather than delegating fix hours for it. 

Why people do not walk ?

Recent  research has shown that there are three types of  perceived barriers to walking for physical activity.

Appearance barriers ( people are concerned about their looks.)

Footwear barriers (e.g., uncomfortable shoes)

 Situational barriers or the situation itself (e.g., lack of time, having to carry things)

3. Solution to the problem: 

1. Get age appropriate apparels and accessories for walking.

It ensures that the experience of walking is enjoyable, and you can continue for long. 

Some useful links

2. Comfortable  walking shoes are must for walking .

It ensures that the your legs , especially knee joints stay in good shape.

 3. Get an treadmill for home use.

 

It ensure that you can walk  whenever you have time, in the privacy of your home without others watching.

Things to look for in the treadmill

  • Heavy motor , more than 2.0 w
  • Pre-waxed and cushioned walking surface with large area
  • Preferably fold-able
  • Maximum user weight limit more than 120 kg
  • Program able for users needs.

Some useful links

4. Track your daily progress

The Effect of Activity Tracker Usage on Physical Activity

Recent research has established that physical inactivity, is known to cause 6% of deaths globally. Too little physical activity also result  in debilitating conditions such  , cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type II, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some forms of cancer beside Obesity.

It is not surprising to know that the American Heart Association endorses 10,000 steps a day or 30 min of moderate-intensity physical activity (eg, brisk walking) for at least 5 days a week as guidelines to improve health and reduce health risk .

Scientist believe that people do not indulge in physical activity because they lack the conscious awareness that they are not doing enough of physical activity. People tend to overestimate the physical activity they are doing .

 

Now days  numerous interactive and mobile tracking devices are available  which can  directly monitor our physical activity through a range of sensors. These devices are known to induce behavior change by providing the timely feedback to users on their own behavior and the possibility to self-monitor behavior and its outcomes.

 

That seems to a reason why 69% of adults in the United States are using at least one tracking device. Out of those who did use these devices, roughly half indicated that tracking changed their overall approach to maintaining their health .

Must know facts before selecting a fitness /health trackers

Real issue with fitness /health trackers  are not they are expensive to acquire, but it is to continue using for long. People buy them  when they start and then stop using them when they lose enthusiasm. These are few important points to ensure that not only you purchase these trackers  but also put these to continuous use.

One should opt for the models which are simple to use and are reported to have better reviews for user experiences. 

Poor User experience  and difficult to use devices are important reasons why people stop using these devices in spite of paying a significant cost to acquire them. 

Studies have also shown that people often stop using the device if they perceive  that device is too cumbersome to use or changing the batteries is too difficult or expensive. 

Battery life and charging

 The newer devices have inbuilt battery which can be charged once a fortnight, just like a smart phone . These devices are reported to have better user experience than one that have a battery which is to be changed, as later may be difficult for some users.

Few popular easy to use devices with basic activity tracking .

It is important to select a device which suits your taste and have excellent aesthetics. It is an important determinant how long are you going to use it.

 Research have shown that the   device aesthetics,  form and    perceived fit between device and self-image is important factor responsible for continuous use by the user.

 

Accuracy

 

Make sure that the device has accurate in measuring the health parameters and is validated by an appropriate authority. Fitbit and Garmin are brands which have large user base and appropriate size of  user data , on which validating scientific studies have been reported. 

The perceived inaccuracy of the device is another reason why people quit using the device.

Popular activity tracking devices  known for accuracy and superior aesthetics.

5 . Monitor  your weight , body fat and BMI

Progress in your weight loss plan 

 Loss of motivation is probably the biggest reason why people lose interest in exercising  or sticking to the diet plan that they have decided. Reason is the failure to get the pleasure of small successes achieved during the weight loss program. Always keep a physical record of the changes in the your weight. 

With the availability of the Smart Scales keeping tract of your weight has become convenient. Not only these provide additional information like BMI , muscle mass and fat etc, It converts your health related data into trend graphs that help you see your short and long-term changes. 

The motivation of seeing small incremental changes help you see that you are actually getting results. There is clear scientific evidence that that behaviour change programs can be effective in changing lifestyle risk factors.

Few useful links

Body Fat Distribution

Body fat distribution is a strong metabolic and cardiovascular risk factor. 

Accumulation of fat in the upper body (abdominal region) is associated with the development of obesity-related co-morbidity and even all-cause mortality. 

In contrast, recent population studies have shown that accumulation of fat in the lower body ( gluteo-femoral region) is associated with a protective lipid and glucose profile as well as a decrease in cardiovascular and metabolic disease prevalence after adjustment for total body fat mass. 

Body Composition Monitor:

 These machines provide correct estimate of weight, total body fat, total muscle mass, basal metabolic rate (BMI). it also allows the user to assess subcutaneous fat ( underneath skin) and visceral fat (tummy).

Graphical representation of the data help in understanding it better and the record provides a continuous oversight over the weight changes. It also allows the user to decide which type of weight loss regimen the user should adapt for best results

Some useful links

Closing: 

Brisk walking is the best way for  weight reduction . Efforts  should be done to arrange the comfortable shoes and treadmill. Fitness tracking devices  are known to induce behavior change by providing the timely feedback to user on their own behavior . These help in continuing walking for long.

Scientific studies report that most individuals (81%) say that they “learned something new” regarding their health, the last time they went online. The majority (80%) of people found the information through a search engine as reliable.

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Do not miss the opportunity to receive best actionable insight on health issues which matter the most. Its absolutely free.

Join 1,185 other subscribers

Obesity

Obesity: How to monitor body weight for weight loss?

Posted on

With  approximately two-thirds of the adult population being  overweight or obese. its important for everybody to know, what exactly should be ones weight, appropriate for age and gender.  Obesity is linked to many medical, psychological, and social conditions, so  its is important that we keep a check on it.

obesity

The increased prevalence of obesity these days has drawn attention to the worldwide significance of this problem.In the US, approximately two-thirds of the adult population is considered to be overweight or obese. Similar trends are being noticed worldwide.22 Obesity is linked to many medical, psychological, and social conditions, the most devastating of which may be type 2 diabetes.  

1. Identify the type of obesity you have.

A recent study reported six clusters of obese individuals

young healthy females

Women who were obese, but generally had fewer obesity-related complications, such as type 2 diabetes

heavy-drinking males

Men who were obese, but generally had fewer obesity-related complications, such as type 2 diabetes,  but with higher alcohol intake

unhappy and anxious middle-aged

Predominantly women with poor mental health and well being.

affluent and healthy elderly

Generally positive health, but defining characteristics of higher alcohol intake and high blood pressure.

physically sick but happy elderly

Older people with more chronic diseases such as osteoarthritis, but good mental health.

poorest health

People who were the most economically deprived and had the greatest number of chronic diseases.

2. Assess your correct weight

BMI Calculator

 

Your BMI is based on a calculation of your weight and height.

The BMI Calculator can help you find out if you need to lose weight and how much weight you need to lose. Knowing this can help you set a weight loss goal.

3. Set realistic goals and stay motivated.

 Progress in your weight loss plan 

Loss of motivation is probably the biggest reason why people lose interest in exercising  or sticking to the diet plan that they have decided. Reason is the failure to get the pleasure of small successes achieved during the weight loss program. Always keep a physical record of the changes in the your weight. With the availability of the Smart Scales keeping tract of your weight has become convenient. Not only these provide additional information like BMI , muscle mass and fat etc, It converts your health related data into trend graphs that help you see your short and long-term changes. The motivation of seeing small incremental changes help you see that you are actually getting results. There is clear scientific evidence that that behaviour change programs can be effective in changing lifestyle risk factors.

Body Fat Distribution

Body fat distribution is a strong metabolic and cardiovascular risk factor. 

Accumulation of fat in the upper body (abdominal region) is associated with the development of obesity-related comorbidities and even all-cause mortality. In contrast, recent population studies have shown that accumulation of fat in the lower body ( gluteo-femoral region) is associated with a protective lipid and glucose profile as well as a decrease in cardiovascular and metabolic disease prevalence after adjustment for total body fat mass. 

Body Composition Monitor:

 These machines provide correct estimate of weight, total body fat, total muscle mass, basal metabolic rate (BMI). it also allows the user to assess subcutaneous fat ( underneath skin) and visceral fat (tummy).

Graphical representation of the data help in understanding it better and the record provides a continuous oversight over the weight changes. It also allows the user to decide which type of weight loss regimen the user should adapt for best results

It cannot be emphasized enough that there are numerous benefits of exercise:

Just to name a few

  • Lower blood pressure

  • Better control of weight
  • Increased level of good cholesterol (HDL)
  • Leaner, stronger muscles
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Better control of weight
  • Increased level of good cholesterol (HDL)
  • Leaner, stronger muscles

Concluding :

 Regular and accurate weight assessment record keeping of weight changes is important for setting realistic weight reduction targets and achieving them.

Also read

Scientific studies report that most individuals (81%) say that they “learned something new” regarding their health, the last time they went online. The majority (80%) of people found the information through a search engine as reliable.

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Do not miss the opportunity to receive best actionable insight on health issues which matter the most. Its absolutely free.

Join 1,185 other subscribers